Ramadan has been a time for great worldly changes throughout history. During this month, Prophet Musa (AS) passed away as mentioned by Al-Hasan ibn Ali (RA). During Ramadan, Prophet Isa (AS) was raised to the heavens, as reported by al-Hakim, and in Ramadan, the Qur’an was revealed. “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong.” Al-Baqarah 2:185
Here are ten important historical events that happened in Ramadan:
1. The great victory at the decisive Battle of Badr in 2 AH happened on the 17th of Ramadan, and it witnessed the death of the heads of the Mushrikin of Quraysh, such as Abu Jahl. The digging of the Trench around Madinah took place in Ramadan of year 5 AH.
2. On the 8th of Ramadan, another crucial event took place. Mecca was conquered, which marked the ending of ‘Shirk’ in the Arabian Peninsula and the purification of Al-Ka’bah from the idols. Over 360 idols around Al-Ka’bah were destroyed by Rasul Allah (PBUHS) and his companions. On the 25th of Ramadan of that year, the “Uzza” idol, which was the greatest idol the Arabs had ever known was destroyed at the hands of Khalid ibn al-Waleed. Following that, the ‘Laat’ idol of Thaqeef was demolished by the hands of Abu Sufyan, Khalid and al-Mughirah. Not long before that, those men had been fighting to protect those idols as they used to worship them, but now everything had changed.
3. In the Ramadan of the 9th year of Hijrah, the Prophet (PBUHS) returned victorious from Tabook after he regained control of the area and let the Romans and the Persians know that there was a new young nation in Arabia that would only grow and not be intimidated. Also during that blessed month of that year, the tribe of Thaqeef came around after 20 years of enmity and rejection of Islam and accepted the faith. The kings of Himyar in Yemen came to the Prophet (PBUHS) to declare that the time of change had come, and they embraced Islam.
4. The beloved wife of Prophet (PBUHS), Hadrat Khadijah (RA) died on the 10th of Ramadan. Mother of the Believers, Hadrat Aisha (RA) passed away in the Ramadan of the year 58 AH. She paved the way for women by being a positive example to emulate as well as what stances they should take to help develop the society. She inspired women for over the centuries to learn, teach and lead. Aisha’s (RA) life remains an unprecedented and enduring example for the world.
5. During the year 13 AH in Ramadan, Al-Muthanna Ibn Harithah and his army won the most important battle for Muslims in Iraq known as Al-Buwaib, and it was the gateway to opening the land of Iraq as well as the downfall of the Persian Empire. Sudan and the south of Egypt had become Muslim lands of freedom and justice after the Muslims’ army led by Abdullah Ibn Abi As-Sarh arrived there in the Ramadan of the year 31 AH.
6. The death of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RA) at the hands of the Khawarij marked a change in the way the Khilafah would be determined. This tragic event, which highlighted the extreme dangers of innovation, took place on a Friday at Fajr time in Al Kufah (present-day Iraq) during the 17th of Ramadan of the year 40 AH.
7. The false prophet Al-Mukhtar ibn Abi ‘Ubayd Al-Thaqafi, not only claimed prophethood, he also killed hundreds of thousands of people and managed to spread fear and falsehood throughout Arabia and Iraq. He was killed and his movement was defeated in Ramadan during the year of 67 AH by the hand of Mus’ab ibn Al-Zubair at Kufah.
8. The 28th of Ramadan year 91 AH brought forth the Muslims entering Al-Andalus with twelve thousand soldiers led by Tariq ibn Ziyad, who managed to defeat one-hundred thousand soldiers from the Spaniards. They then allowed thousands to enter Islam and for years to come the Islamic civilization in Spain was a beacon of diversity, tolerance, advancement in human thought and scientific discovery.
9. A great change happened in the East in the year 92 AH on the 6th of Ramadan. Muḥammad ibn Al-Qasim landed in Al-Sindh (Pakistan today), and the land of India turned towards becoming a Muslim land and it witnessed the establishment of many great dynasties and Islamic civilizations.
10. Ramadan in 1973 brought forth the first time that Egyptian forces defeated Israel’s military in battle and thus changed the perception across the Arab world that the Israeli army was invincible. The events of this war paved the way for the subsequent peace process, returned the Sinai to Egypt and brought all sides of the conflict to direct, public peace negotiations the first time since 1948.