2012: Looking back on Kashmir events

The calendar year 2012 came to an end. Although it (2012) stepped-in with a killing note, when a 21-year-old student was killed at Boniyar by paramilitary Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) personnel, however, the entire year was almost calm and politically a semi-dramatic one. The year in Kashmir saw; much awaited and talked report of interlocutors coming out of Allahdin’s lantern, lacking magic power, as a result, raising suspicion of Government of India’s seriousness towards resolving the Kashmir issue, debate over the commencement of yearly Amarnath Yatra, number of Yatris and road to the cave; to the events like Chief Minister Omar Abdullah’s untiring and fruitless attempts to seek partial revocation of AFSPA for which he had set deadline on 21 October 2011, Pakistan’s soft stand over Kashmir dispute, infant death spree in G B Pant Hospital, Cabinet’s approval to the Jammu and Kashmir’s first ever Drug Policy, government’s failed attempts to seek reclamation of some power projects from NHPC, arrival of Bollywood to Kashmir, effective interference of Amnesty International (AI), Heavenly judgment in the case of Jaleel Andrabi, killing of Panchayat members, incessant demand of State Congress for incorporation of 73rd Amendment of Indian Constitution into J&K’s Panchayati Raj Act, tragic fire incident of Dastgeer Sahib Shrine, army’s decision to try its officers involved in Pathribal fake encounter in General Court Martial, Bandipora fake encounter, return of some youths from Pakistan under governments rehabilitation policy, Afzal Guru’s clemency plea to hanging issue, detection of multi-crore bungling in Jammu and Kashmir Cricket Association, frequent house arrest of Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani, pen-down strikes by government employees over retirement age issue and payment under 6th pay commission, LPG crisis, Bedi Commission’s clean chit to Chief Minister and others in the death case of National Conference worker Haji Mohammad Syed Yousuf, much talked visit of Hurriyat Conference (M) delegation to Pakistan.

Zahoor Hussain Bhat reminds the readers of the major events that occurred throughout the year in Kashmir. Here is a chronology of events that made headlines in 2012:

Jan 1: The then DGP Kuldeep Khoda said that 53 buildings including the Srinagar stadium have been evacuated from security forces during the past year to promote cultural and sporting activities in the state.

Jan 2: A 21-year-old student was killed when paramilitary Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) personnel opened fire on protesters at Boniyar in North Kashmir’s Baramulla district when they were staging a dharna against the unscheduled power cuts.

Jan 3: Police claimed that Jammu and Kashmir recorded zero infiltration for the first time in 2011 despite several attempts along the Indo-Pak border.

Jan 5: The United States said that Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed territory and must be resolved peacefully.

Jan 6: Adhering the call given by the Kashmir Economic Alliance (KEA) Kashmir observed complete strike to protest against the killing of a student by paramilitary CISF personnel at Boniyar.

Jan 7: Rejecting Indian claim that J&K is its integral part, Pakistani Foreign Office spokesperson Abdul Basit said the State was disputed territory.

Jan 12:  State Cabinet approved Jammu and Kashmir’s first ever Drug Policy paving way for addressing the long pending concerns about the availability of quality medicines in the state.

Jan 15: calling controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) as requirement for national security, Northern Command Chief Lt Gen K T Parnaik said decision on revoking the Act in Jammu and Kashmir will be taken by Defence and Home Ministries.

Jan 19: Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousuf Raza Gilani said his country wants a just, peaceful and negotiated settlement of the Kashmir issue.

Jan 20: Supreme Court asked the Centre to clarify whether it was willing to try army officials under the Army Act for their alleged involvement in the Pathribal fake encounter case.

Jan 21: Masiuma area and its adjoining areas observed a complete shutdown to mark the 22nd anniversary of Gawkadal massacre.

Jan 23: The Supreme Court expressed its displeasure that more than the decade-old encounter killings case in Pathribal, was yet to reach the trial stage due to Army’s perceived defiance against prosecution of its personnel.

Jan 24: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said Supreme Court rap on the Army in the alleged fake encounter in Pathribal has brought focus on the need for partial revocation of the controversial AFSPA.

Jan 26:  Amid strike and tight security measures, January 26 passed off peacefully across the Kashmir.

Jan 28: Pakistani Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani disclosed that Indian PM is desirous of resolving the core issue of Kashmir.

Feb 3: The CBI told the Supreme Court that no sanction is required either under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act or Code of Criminal Procedure Code for prosecution of army officers allegedly involved in the fake encounter killings of five persons at Parthibal.

Feb 4: Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari said that Pakistan will continue to extend its fullest political, moral and diplomatic support to the cause of the Kashmiri people.

Feb 6: Acknowledging that Pakistan cannot afford wars in the 21st century, Pakistan Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said the Kashmir issue would have to be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy.

Feb 8: Jammu and Kashmir government decided to set up two Trade Facilitation Centres along the Line of Control in order to enhance trade with Pakistan.

Feb 11: The killing of a youth, Ashiq Hussain, 20, allegedly by army men triggered massive protests in Rafiabad.

Feb 15: State cabinet approved a report of cabinet sub-committee (CSC) advocating reclamation of Salal and Uri-I power projects from NHPC.

Feb 17: A top US intelligence official said it is very difficult to achieve peace between the two neighbours (India and Pakistan).

Feb 19: Minister for Finance and Ladakh Affairs, Abdul Rahim Rather said that Jammu and Kashmir’s VAT revenue has increased to about 41 per cent which is the highest in India.

Feb 23:  Inspector General of Police (IGP) Kashmir S M Sahai said that a comprehensive policy has been devised to rehabilitate surrendered militants.

Feb 24: Minister of State for Home Nasir Aslam Wani informed the Assembly that at least 293 persons were detained during past two years under the Public Safety Act. On the same day Chief Minister Omar Abdullah informed the Assembly that the government is examining under its amnesty scheme the cases of 1,524 people allegedly involved in stone-pelting during the 2010 summer unrest in the Kashmir Valley.

Feb 27: Hurriyat (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said there won’t be any talks with Government of India till all three main stake-holders of the Kashmir issue are involved in the dialogue process.

Feb 29: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said his efforts to remove controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from the State will continue.

Mar 1: Government said funds to the tune of Rs 886.47 lakh were received from Government of India (GoI) for providing quality education in Madrassas from the 2009 in the State.

Mar 5: Government disclosed that 444 cases have been registered against various security agencies and police in Jammu and Kashmir during last three years.

Mar 6: Pakistan Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said a just and equitable settlement of the Kashmir dispute is a priority for Pakistan as it will open new avenues for cooperation with India.

Mar 7: Fraud in crores in the accounts of Jammu and Kashmir Cricket Association came to fore.

Mar 8: The multi-crore bungling in Jammu and Kashmir Cricket Association rocked Assembly with opposition PDP staging walkout and demanding registering of FIR against JKCA president Farooq Abdullah.

Mar 10: A youth Yasir Ahmad son of Mohammad Ayub Wani of Anchidora, Islamabad was hit by an Army Vehicle at K P Road near Delhi Darbar, Islamabad, causing his on spot death.

Mar 17: Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari said India and Pakistan must address difficult issues like the Kashmir dispute even as they move forward with measures to open up trade.

Mar 19: The CBI told the Supreme Court that the alleged fake encounter at Pathribal in Jammu and Kashmir 12 years ago in which seven people were killed by Army personnel were cold-blooded murders and the accused officials deserve to be meted out exemplary punishment.

Mar 22: One person was killed and 21 others were injured, when a car bomb exploded in Bijbehara town.

Mar 23: Sopore town observed complete shutdown against the alleged custodial death of a youth, Sajad, 25, detained under Public Safety Act.

Mar 26: The activists of right-wing Hindu group Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) tried to disrupt a function in New Delhi where Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani was scheduled to interact with scholars of Delhi University. On the same day the then Home Minister of India P Chidambaram launched an interactive Udaan website aimed to facilitate job prospects for 40,000 youth from Jammu and Kashmir in a period of five years.

Mar 27: The government disclosed that forces have occupied 1561 private houses and 306 government buildings including an educational institute and two health department buildings in the State.

Mar 28: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah told Assembly that time has come to withdraw the controversial Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) from parts of Jammu and Kashmir, where militant activities have ended.

Mar 29: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah told Legislative Council that over 1,300 persons have been booked under the Public Safety Act (PSA) in the State during last three years.

Mar 30: Christof Heyns, UN’s Special Rapporteur urged India to repeal the controversial law that gives special powers to military.

Mar 31: The then Home Minister of India P Chidambaram said Home Ministry has sought amendments in the controversial Armed Forced Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and the proposal is pending before the Cabinet Committee on Security.

April 3: Government disclosed in Assembly that National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) has earned Rs 2761.26 cr revenue from Salal and Uri power projects in the State.

April 5: Senior journalist and Kashmir bureau chief of international news agency “Agence France-Presse” (AFP) Izhar Wani, 46, passed away after battling cancer for nearly two years.

April 10: US State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland said the country was willing to help India and Pakistan resolve the Siachen issue.

April 13: Police picked up 16 youth on charges of using the online platform to “instigate masses” and whip “anti-national” sentiment.

April 16: Army Chief General V K Singh said controversial AFSPA was a functional requirement for the armed forces in certain areas.

April 18: Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad stating that withdrawal of Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) is a long process and added that Home Ministry would take a decision on the removal of controversial Act after reviewing the situation in the State.

April 20: A 22-year-old paramilitary CRPF bunker was dismantled by authorities at Palladium, Lal Chowk. On the same day an Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI) of police was shot dead by some unidentified militants at Darish Kadal near Safakadal in old city.

April 23: Pakistan Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani said the era of warfare has ended and India and Pakistan should resolve Kashmir and Siachen disputes through dialogue.

April 27: United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon advocated peaceful resolution of Kashmir issue while respecting the will of people.

May 1: The Supreme Court asked the Army authorities to decide whether its personnel accused of fake encounter killings in Jammu and Kashmir and Assam should be tried by court-martial proceedings or by regular criminal courts.

May 2: International human rights watchdog Amnesty International Termed Supreme Court verdict on Pathribal fake encounter killings as major setback to justice in Kashmir.

May 3: The international human rights watch dog, Amnesty International called on Jammu and Kashmir government to end the persistent practice of administrative detentions in the state and repeal the Public Safety Act (PSA), 1978.

May 6: An eight-year-old boy namely Tariq Ahmad Shah was killed when a hand grenade which he had found in a field exploded in Kupwara district of north Kashmir.

May 7: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah on the opening of Darbar in the summer capital said that a forward movement on the revocation of the draconian act (AFSPA) could be expected in next couple of months.

May 9: While reacting to the speech of Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani said Chief Minister Omar Abdullah should give permission to separatists to hold a rally at Lal Chowk to prove their representative character.

May 10: While speaking at a public contact meet in Kulgam, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq asked Government of India (GoI) to implement UN resolutions on Kashmir and hold referendum in Jammu and Kashmir.

May 11: Hurriyat Conference (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq called for strike on May 21 to commemorate the death anniversaries of former Mirwaiz-e-Kashmir Moulana Mohammad Farooq and former Hurriyat Chairman Abdul Gani Lone.

May 13: More than 100 youths, who had gone to Pakistan-administered Kashmir (PaK) for arms training during the last two decades, quietly returned home following the announcement of rehabilitation policy for them by the Jammu and Kashmir government.

May 14: Police cancelled all permissions to use tinted films on vehicles meant for security reasons.

May 21: Life across Srinagar and other parts of the Valley was affected due to strike called to commemorate death anniversaries of Mirwaiz Mohammad Farooq and Abdul Gani Lone.

May 24: The report of the interlocutors- Dileep Padgaonkar, Radha Kumar and M M Ansari- was made public. The report ruled out a return to the pre-1953 position, whereas favouring setting up a Constitutional Committee to review all Central Acts and Articles of the Constitution of India to the state extended after 1952. The report was highly condemned by the separatists groups, people of Kashmir and by some mainstream parties.

May 31: The then Home Minister of India P Chidambaram sought debate on interlocutors report on Kashmir adding that Government of India (GoI) has not taken any view on the report so far.

Jun 4: In reaction to the demand of activists of right wing Hindu groups VHP, RSS, Bajrang Dal, Shiv Sena and BJP who have been demanding early commencement of yatra, Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said: “God is stopping early commencement of yearly Amarnath Yatra.”

Jun 8: Hizbul Mujahideen supreme commander Syed Salahuddin warned to turn the guns on Pakistan if it withdraws its support for Kashmir cause.

Jun 10: A former Indian Army officer, Major Avtar Singh, who was wanted for the murder of prominent Kashmiri lawyer Jaleel Andrabi, killed himself along with his wife and two children in his California home.

Jun 15: In the first political killing of the year, suspected militants shot NC Block President Abdul Rehman Ganai in Natipora area of the city.

Jun 25: In a tragic incident, the 245-year-old revered shrine of Dastgeer Sahib (RA) at Khanyar was gutted in a major blaze. Following the incident the spontaneous strike coupled with curfew-like restrictions in some parts of old city paralysed life for many days.

Jun 29: Army decided to try in General Court Martial (GCM) its five officers involved in the Pathribal fake encounter killing of five innocent men in Pathribal in March 2000, prompting a court in Srinagar to hand over charge-sheet of the case to them (Army).

July 1: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah announced restoration of Peer-e-Dastgeer Sahib (RA) shrine in accordance with its heritage characteristic within 24 to 30 months.

July 2: Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani accused Government of India (GoI) of hatching a ‘dangerous’ plan to settle people from rightwing Hindu groups RSS and Sang Parivar through settlement colonies in Kashmir to trigger a civil war here.

July 3:  The chairmen of both factions of Hurriyat Conference and JKLF chief met visiting Pakistan Foreign Secretary Jalil Abbas Jilani separately in New Delhi and stressed on Pakistan government that Kashmir should be the core issue in Indo-Pak talks.

July 5: The Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan agreed to continue further discussions on Kashmir while Pakistan.

July 13:  The strict restrictions amid complete shutdown brought life to a standstill in Valley, which remembered 22 Kashmiris who were killed by Dogra forces of Maharaja Hari Singh on this date in 1931.

July 15: Ruling out any solution from “outside” to the issue of Jammu and Kashmir, US President Barack Obama underlined that disputes between India and Pakistan can only be resolved by the two countries themselves.

July 23: Ashok Prasad, a senior officer of the Intelligence Bureau, was appointed as new Director General of Jammu and Kashmir Police force.

July 25: Army men shot dead a youth, Hilal Ahmad Dar, in Aloosa area in North Kashmir’s Bandipora district. His killing sparked protests in the Bandipora district preceded by many day hartal.

July 29: Police completed its investigation into the Bandipora “fake encounter”, in which a local youth Hilal Ahmad Dar was killed, claiming that it was orchestrated by 27 RR of army in connivance with one of its informers.

July 31: The death of youth, Aqib Hussain Bhat, in mysterious circumstances in South Kashmir district triggered protests and shutdown. The family of the deceased and locals alleged that he was beaten to death by CRPF men.

Aug 4: Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf reiterated Pakistan’s commitment that it shall continue to extend moral and diplomatic support to the people of Kashmir in their struggle for right of self-determination.

Aug 6: Head of Kashmir committee and noted Supreme Court lawyer Ram Jethmalani said that the committee has realized that Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani can be the biggest contributor for a dignified and peaceful solution to K Issue.

Aug 10: Suspected militants shot dead a retired Deputy Superintendent of Police Abdul Hamid Bhat in Batamaloo area of Srinagar.

Aug 11:  JKLF chairman Mohammad Yasin Malik said 2008 uprising was important milestone in Kashmir struggle.

Aug 14: Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf said India should avoid delaying tactics while working for the resolution of the Kashmir issue.

Aug 15: Addressing the Independence Day function at Bakshi Stadium Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah said the stage has not been reached where the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (APSPA) can be revoked from Jammu and Kashmir.

Aug 17: Hurriyat Conference (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said Supreme Court should refrain from passing judgement on macadmisation and constructions of road to the Amarnath cave as it would be environmental disaster.

Aug 19: A police vehicle was set ablaze after protests erupted in Eidgah following the prayers of Eid-ul-Fitr.

Aug 26: Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani apprehended that increase in number of Amarnath Yatris and arrival of large number of non-resident labourers in Kashmir is taking place under a conspiracy to change the demography of Kashmir.

Sept 5: The Government of India (GoI) said 67 successful infiltration attempts have taken place in Jammu and Kashmir till July this year and 14 Kashmiri youth have joined militant groups.

Sept 10: A Sarpanch namely Ghulam Mohammad Itoo of ruling National Conference was shot dead in Palhalan village.

Sep 11: National Conference suspended its former member of Legislative Council (MLC), Altaf Ahmed Wani alias Altaf Kaloo from the primary membership of the party. Altaf was caught in a compromising position with a prominent Doordarshan TV anchor in a houseboat in Nigeen area of Srinagar.

Sep 13: The blasphemous film released by an American filmmaker evoked widespread condemnations from ulemas and religious organizations of the Valley.

Sept 18: The anti-Islam film “Innocence of Muslims” made by a US filmmaker paralysed life across Kashmir with people staging massive anti-US protests and burning American flags at several places.

Sep 20: Noted lawyer and political analyst Noorani said national parties want the land of the State and not its people.

Sep 20: A deputy Sarpanch, Muhammad Shafi Teli, was shot dead by unidentified gunmen in North Kashmir’s Baramulla district.

Sep 26: While raising Kashmir issue during his speech in United Nations, Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari said Kashmir is symbol of UN’s failure and sought a solution to the issue under UN resolution.

Sep 27: Normal life in Kashmir was disrupted due to a strike called by Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani to protest President Pranab Mukherjee’s visit.

Oct 2: The representatives of India and Pakistan had a verbal duel in United Nations General Assembly over the decades-old Jammu and Kashmir dispute between the two South Asian countries.

Oct 3: The government disclosed that 117 Kashmiri youth, some with their families, have returned home from Pakistan via Nepal and other routes during past three years.

Oct 05: Scores of Kashmir University students held protest demonstrations against Congress General Secretary Rahul Gandhi’s visit to the campus, accusing varsity authorities of politicizing the campus by holding political activities inside the campus.

Oct 10: Syed Ali Geelani came out with the second part of his autobiography (Wullar Ke Kinaray-II), chronicling important developments in J&K’s turbulent political history.

Oct 13: Union Home Minister, Sushil Kumar Shinde said there would be no security checks in Kashmir after 2014 and the “security hazard” people suffer everyday will be over.

Oct 14: Union Home Minister, Sushil Kumar Shinde ruled out revocation of Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from Jammu and Kashmir in near future.

Oct 18: Stating that legislators and intellectuals in Kashmir favour revoking of infamous Public Safety Act, Amnesty International members said J&K government can repeal PSA and Government of India (GoI) has nothing to do with it.

Oct 19: Hurriyat Conference (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq demanded demilitarization on both sides of Line of Control (LoC).

Oct 21: Two militants of Lashkar-e-Toiba, including a divisional commander, were killed in an overnight gunfight in Sopore town.

Oct 23: An armyman was shot dead and two others injured after they were mistaken for fleeing militants by another unit of troops patrolling in central Kashmir’s Budgam district.

Oct 31: An aerial survey of Baltal-Amarnath Cave route by a group of journalists does not reveal any road widening or construction work being undertaken in the area as was claimed by Syed Ali Geelani-led Hurriyat Conference.

Nov 2: Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf said the country was committed to the just cause of Kashmiri people and their right to self-determination.

Nov 05: Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah said no deadline has been fixed for lifting of controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from the State but favoured a phased withdrawal of the controversial Act that gives sweeping powers to armed forces.

Nov 7: The leader of Pakistan’s Tehreek-e-Insaaf party Imran Khan told Delhi-based newspaper, Mail Today that Indian troops are losing battle of heart and minds in Kashmir and there is possibility of Mumbai-like attacks till the Kashmir issue is resolved.

Nov 10: The Peoples Conference chairman Sajjad Lone termed 2010 agitation as a futile exercise, which did not benefit anybody.

Nov 16: Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar said Kashmir remained the oldest unresolved issue on the UN Security Council agenda and a source of constant conflict between India and Pakistan.

Nov 20: The ruling National Conference President and union minister Farooq Abdullah accused opposition PDP of getting money bags in Delhi to wipe out his party from the State.

Nov 22: Calling Afzal Guru a ‘hero of Kashmir nation’, Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani warned against hanging him and said the move could have serious consequences.

Nov 25: Accusing PDP of being sponsored by agencies, Hurriyat Conference (G) blamed National Conference and Congress for State’s political instability.

Nov 30: The Special Investigation Team (SIT) probing the death of Tufail Matoo closed the case as “untraced”.

Dec 3: The Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Umang Narulla said 90% polling was reported for the four seats of Legislative Council under Panchayat quota.

Dec 4: Hurriyat (G) chairman, Syed Ali Geelani announced that he won’t be visiting Pakistan.

Dec 6: The ruling National Conference-Congress coalition bagged all the four seats in the polls to the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council under Panchayat quota.

Dec 10: Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) will not be withdrawn from Jammu and Kashmir until the situation in the State is completely peaceful.

Dec 13: Police said three unidentified militants were killed in two separate encounters with police and security men in Sopore in North Kashmir’s Baramulla district.

Dec 16: All Parties Hurriyat Conference faction led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq on their visit to Pakistan met leaders from Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

Dec 18: Hurriyat Conference (M) chief, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said that the Arab Spring which saw toppling of regimes in Tunisia and Egypt was inspired by the Kashmir summer unrest.

Dec 19: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said despite managing a considerable support from various quarters of Government of India over repeal of Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in the State, army continues to oppose revocation of the controversial Act from Jammu and Kashmir.

Dec 20: Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari urged the international community to focus its attention towards the miseries and troubles of Kashmiri people, who have been waging a‘legitimate struggle’ for right to self-determination despite suffering huge losses and worst human rights violations while Pakistan Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar said there has been no change in country’s Kashmir policy.

Dec 22: The one-man Justice (Retd) H S Bedi Commission, probing the death of National Conference worker Haji Mohammad Syed Yousuf gave clean chit to Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah, Minister of State for Home Nasir Aslam Wani and other top officials.

Dec 25: Railways announced completion of the key Qazigund-Banihal section which also comprises the longest transportation tunnel in the country built after a seven-year effort.

Dec 26:  State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) ordered a fresh inquiry into the 1990 Gaw Kadal massacre in which at least 50 people were killed.

Dec 28: At least 15 civilians were injured when troops allegedly fired on protestors in Pulwama where encounter was on and Police claimed to have killed two local Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) militants. On the same day Northern Railways made history as the first train chugged through India’s longest railway tunnel through the Pir Panjal mountain range, connecting Kashmir Valley to Banihal town on Srinagar-Jammu National highway.

Dec 29: Both factions of Hurriyat Conference called for complete shutdown on December 31 to protest against indiscriminate firing on civilians by troopers in Pulwama.

Dec 30: Pakistani Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar said the only option available with the two countries was to engage in a dialogue process with the inclusion of Kashmiris to resolve the dispute.

Dec 31: Adhering the call given by the both factions of Hurriyat Conference Kashmir observed strike to protest against indiscriminate firing on civilians by troopers in Pulwama.